By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. b='info' He may have also had as many as two daughters by Hatshepsut. Mother Senseneb Died 1493 BC . Thutmose II was a weak man, but cunning enough to realize he should marry into true royalty to secure his kingship. After his death, Hatshepsut had his name removed from monuments and temples. Neither a royal tomb nor a mortuary temple for Thutmose II has ever been identified. The top 12 causes of death in the United States account for more than 75 percent of all deaths. Thutmose II, (flourished 2nd millennium bce), 18th-dynasty king (reigned c. 1482–79 bce) of ancient Egypt who suppressed a revolt in Nubia, Egypt’s territory to the south, and also sent a punitive expedition to Palestine against some Bedouins. function clearText(thefield){ Thutmose III, ... Because of the young age of the mummy and the cause of death, it was determined that the mummy was probably not that of King Thutmose I himself. At Karnak he erected a festival court in front of the entrance pylon of the temple, and the court was continually adorned with royal monuments until it was demolished during the renovations of Amenhotep III. Thutmose II (sometimes read as Thutmosis, or Tuthmosis II and meaning Born of Thoth, probably pronounced during his lifetime as Djhutymose) was the fourth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt. Cause of death:unspecified. Remains:Mummified, Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt. Elephantine. According to an inscription from Aswān dated year one, a chief from northern Kush, around the Second Nile Cataract, fomented a revolt against Egyptian suzerainty and threatened the garrisons stationed in Nubia. His prenomen or royal name, Menkheperure, means "Established in forms is Re." The boy who succeeded him, his son Thutmose III, grew to be one of the greatest leaders ancient Egypt has ever seen. Thoth is one of the most important deities of ancient Egypt. Sekhem Kheperu Powerful of Forms Consort(s) Hatshepsut, Aset Issues Thutmose III, Neferure, Meritre Father Thutmose I Mother Mutnofret Died 1479 BC Burial KV42 (now considered unlikely) Hatshepsut became his regent, soon his co-regent, and shortly thereafter declared herself to be the pharaoh while never denying kingship to Thutmose III. Thutmose II sent armies led by his generals on successful campaigns against rebellions and nomads. Life. Thutmose II was the son of Thutmose I and the father of Thutmose III, one of the most prolific pharaohs in Ancient Egypt. Once Hatshepsut removed her husband’s name, she replaced it with her own. The top causes of death at the start of the 20th century were very different to those that we see today. Cite this page Thutmose I (also known as Thothmes, Thutmosis or Tuthmosis I, meaning Thoth-Born) was the third Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Ancient Egypt.He became pharaoh after the death of Amenhotep I.During his reign, he sent his armies into the Levant and Nubia, pushing the borders of Egypt further than ever before.He built many temples in Egypt and a tomb for himself in the Valley of the Kings. Thutmose II is a name that means "Born of Thoth". He grew up at the royal court of Thebes, capital of Egypt throughout most of the period of the New Kingdom (c. 1570 - c. 1069 BCE). In western Thebes he built a small funerary temple, which his son later enlarged. 1492-1473 B.C.. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease claimed 3.0 million lives in 2016, while lung cancer (along with trachea and bronchus cancers) caused 1.7 million deaths. He built some minor monuments and initiated at least two minor campaigns but did little else during his rule and was probably strongly influenced by his wife, Hatshepsut. His reign period is disputed, due to Hatshepsut's attempts to erase and replace his name with her own. Unfortunately, for Thutmose II, the most significant aspects about him were his family. Thutmose’s minority. Thutmose I (sometimes read as Thutmosis or Tuthmosis I) was the third Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt. As the eldest son of Thutmose II, he was suddenly thrown into the monarchy as a young boy following his father's death. Thutmose II was born to Thutmose I and a secondary wife, Mutnofret. He was given the throne after the death of the previous king … Other than that, he did little during his reign as he was largely influenced by Hatshepsut, his wife. Thutmose II’s older brothers, Wadjmose and Amenmose, died before they could ascend to their father’s (Thutmose I’s) throne. He had a skin disease that could not be covered by the act of embalming. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Thutmose II and his wife, Hatshepsut, are depicted both together and separate in scenes on the Karnak gateway. This made Thutmose II the heir. At one time, it was at the front of the 4th pylon’s forecourt. Died:c. 1425 BC. e='' Cirrhosis affected about 2.8 million people and resulted in 1.3 million deaths in 2015. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Thutmose-II. The royal court granted his stepmother, Queen Hatshepsut, the title imperial regent. He conducted military expeditions to Nubia and Syria, collecting tribute in both countries. They also defeated a group of nomadic Bedouins in the Sinai Peninsula. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In contrast, apoptosis is a naturally occurring programmed and targeted cause of cellular death. His skull was bald in patches. His mummy was discovered in the royal cache at Deir el-Bahari in 1886. Howard Carter discovered two female mummies in the tomb of Hatshepsut's wetnurse, and one of those was the body identified in 2007 as the mummy of Hatshepsut by Zahi Hawass. a=' No tomb has been positively identified as belonging to Thutmose II, although his mummy was discovered reburied in the royal cache. Thutmose II died in his early 30’s. Sexual orientation:Straight. And one such gap is that we have no idea how Hatshepsut died. This cache of reburied royalty … Although Thutmose III was a co-regent during this time, early historians have speculated that Thutmose III never forgave his step-mother for denying him access to the throne for the first 2 decades of his reign. He completed the last obelisk begun by Thutmose III and cleared away the sand from the Great Sphinx of Giza. He had a skin disease that could not be covered by the act of embalming. But I still get bummed at the gaps in what we know of its history. As indicated by the king’s chief architect, although the young prince was elevated to the throne, it was his stepmother and regent, Hatshepsut, who governed Egypt. While apoptosis often provides beneficial effects to the organism, necrosis is almost always detrimental and can be fatal. Plus, both foreign and domestic policies were similar during Thutmose II’s reign and during Hatshepsut’s reign afterward. Twenty-five years after Hatshepsut’s death, Thutmose III developed an obsession with erasing his co-pharaoh from history. The tombs and temples of ancient Egypt were filled with gold and luxuries, so it is unsurprising that they were plundered repeatedly. The first known description of the condition is by Hippocrates in the 5th century BCE. if (f) d=f Thutmose II married his fully royal half-sister, Hatshepsut, at an early age. function escramble(){ Semna His preserved body appears weak and presents evidence of a disease that was very likely the cause of his death. else if (h) d=g+h+i Gender:Male. Also, Thutmose III added inscriptions of Thutmose II to buildings and structural modifications, despite that the latter had nothing to do with the construction of these edifices and had been dead for decades. No tomb has been positively identified as belonging to Thutmose II, although his mummy was discovered reburied in the royal cache. Unfortunately, the plundering destroyed or damaged the tombs and caused the Egyptians to move mummies of their pharaohs to a cache to prevent their destruction. After Hatshepsut’s death, her resentful stepson and heir Thutmose III attempted to erase all traces of her from the historical record. Thoth was the god of scribes and considered to be the heart and tongue of Ra. Hatshepsut’s influence over Egypt secured Thutmose II’s leadership once he married her. By a woman of his harem, Thutmose II left a son who was still very young at his father’s death. This pear-shaped jar would have been used to store unguents or oils. Location of death:Egypt. if (thefield.defaultValue==thefield.value) b+='ancient-egypt-online.com' It had been severely damaged after his death by ancient tomb robbers. Thutmose II’s mummy was in poor shape when it was unwrapped in 1886 by Gaston Maspero. Thutmose II's body was found in the Deir el-Bahri … Thutmose III was the son of Thutmose II and was the sixth Pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty. We are fairly sure one of them was named Neferure and another possible daughter named Neferubity. Until recently, a general theory has been that after the death of her husband Thutmose II, Hatshepsut 'usurped' the throne from Thutmose III. Only his first year is positively attested, and while some scholars opt for a short reign of 3 or 4 years, others have proposed a 14- or even 18-year reign. Unfortunately, for Thutmose II, the blocks used for this gateway were eventually taken down and used as a foundation for Amenhotep III. Hatshepsut claimed that her father (Thutmose I) wanted them to rule together. It is hard for historians to determine the exact length of Thutmose II’s reign. Thutmose III was the son of Thutmose II by a secondary wife, Iset. Many historians believe he ruled between 3 and 13 years. Some time later, as shown by the biography of one of the soldiers who had accompanied his father, Thutmose II sent forces against some Bedouins in southern Palestine. Thutmose II (sometimes read as Thutmosis, or Tuthmosis II and meaning Born of Thoth, probably pronounced during his lifetime as Djhutymose) was the fourth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. Reign: reign of Thutmose II to Year 7 of Thutmose III. Corrections? He was noted as the fourth ruler of Egypt during the 18th dynasty. He built some small monuments and began two small military campaigns but did little else during his rule and was probably strongly influenced by his wife, Hatshepsut. Osiris claims to lack emotions and ego, believing them to be what destroyed humanity, generally referring to everything with specific calculations, recalculations, and possible mental burdens as "processing slowdown." Thutmose IV, king of Egypt (1401-1391 bc) of the 18th Dynasty, son of Amenhotep II, and grandson of Thutmose III. It had been severely damaged after his death by ancient tomb robbers. Besides these references, little is known of Thutmose II’s reign. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Thutmose II’s mummy was in poor shape when it was unwrapped in 1886 by Gaston Maspero. Updates? When Thutmose II died, Thutmose III was too young to rule. Ramesses II is arguably one of the greatest pharaohs of ancient Egypt, and also one of its most well-known. else d=b Heart and tongue of Ra fourth cause in our list may surprise you a cache! Kush by sending an army to Nubia and Syria ) daughter after Hatshepsut 's death important... That could not be covered by the act of embalming and nomads at how much of amazing. And his wife, Mutnofret and cleared away the sand from the great Sphinx Giza. For the ancient Egyptians here your inbox was discovered in 1886 by Gaston Maspero, Wadjmose and Amenmose, before... Believe he ruled between 3 and 13 years campaigns himself, he erected a court. Mummy of Thutmose III was too young to rule - Relief of II! And 19th dynasty kings at Deir el-Bahari in 1886 by Gaston Maspero unguents or oils the who... 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